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Monday, 22 November 2010

Jungle Expedition On North Sumatra, Indonesia

 Sumatra (also spelt Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia.

The island is home to a host of species including Sumatran Pine, Rafflesia arnoldii (world's largest individual flower), Titan arum (world's tallest and largest inflorescence flower), Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Orangutan, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Sumatran Elephant, Sumatran Striped Rabbit, Malayan Tapir, Malayan Sun Bear, Bornean Clouded Leopard and many birds and butterflies.

The island includes more than 10 National Parks, including 3 which are listed as the Tropical Rainforest of Sumatra World Heritage Site. Gunung Leuser National Park is the area in which our treks and expeditions are centred. Indonesia is second only to Brazil in its holdings of tropical forests; ten percent of the world's total rainforest grows on the Indonesian archipelago of 13.677 islands.

Expedition Jungle tours offers you the once in a lifetime opportunity to experience the indigenous wildlife of the North Sumatran rainforest.

Gunung Leuser National Park is one of only a few places left in the world, from where you can still see the Sumatran orangutan in the wild as well as a whole host of other wildlife. Gibbons, Elephants, Hornbills, Thomas Leaf monkeys, Macaques and the Sumatran Tiger are just a handful of the thousand animal and plant species unique to this ecosystem.

We are a Sumatran based organization seeking to create an example of high standard sustainable tourism within this area. Responsible tourism offers the opportunity to aid the conservation of the environment whilst improving the welfare of local people. Our goal is to provide a high quality of experience for the visitor and maintain the quality of the environment of which both our community and the visitors depend.

We create tailor made expeditions and treks to suit everyone from the most adventurous explorer to those wishing for a more gentle introduction to the jungle. Ideal for singles and small groups, budget backpackers or those looking for more luxury. We can cater to the traveller already on the road or those looking for a custom made holiday adventure.

Choose from our many tours and expeditions to design your own itinerary. Our highly experienced guides can take you on a trek, from just a few hours or for as long as two weeks. We also organise experiences of the jungle from different perspectives; take an off road trip to visit the Elephants of Tangakhan or enjoy exhilarating white water rafting on the Wampu river.

If trekking isn’t your thing we can organise for you to visit the Orangutan feeding platform in Bukit Lawang. Choose a more relaxed itinerary with overland visits to Berastagi or the stunning Lake Toba.

All tour durations are flexible according to your schedule and budget. We can advise on flights, arrange airport transfers and accommodation for the duration of your stay.

Gunung Leuser National Park and Bukit Lawang

Gunung Leuser National Park is one of the biggest national parks in Indonesia (950,000 hectare). The biodiversity is breathtaking and approximately 700 different species of animals (320 birds, 176 mammals and 194 reptiles and amphibians) live in this region. Of the 10,000 plant species recorded in the West Indo-Malayan region, it is estimated that 45% are found in the Gunung Leuser ecosystem.

Bukit Lawang is located about 3 hours drive from Medan. Our base is situated in Bukit Lawang and it is the main access point for Gunung Leuser National Park. In 1973 the Bohorok Centre for ex-captive and refugee Sumatran orangutans was established in 1973 by two Swiss zoologists, Regina Frey and Monica Boerner. Many of the rehabilitated females have conceived and given birth in the forest. This means the centre has increased the orangutan population as well as giving the infant a chance to grow up in a protected forest area. The centre has since closed, but the rehabilitated orangutans still need to be cared for. The feeding platform provides an incredible opportunity of viewing orangutans in the semi-wild on daily excursions to the feeding platform.

The current situation

Unfortunately the Gunung Leuser ecosystem, which extends beyond the boundaries of the National Park, is seriously threatened. Environmental groups are concerned that rapidly expanding palm oil plantations, partly driven by ambitious plans for biofuels, are damaging the country's rainforests. Ironically, biofuels are likely to speed up global warming as they have encouraged farmers to burn tropical forests that have absorbed a large portion of greenhouse gases.

Greenpeace says Indonesia had the fastest pace of deforestation in the world between 2000-2005, with an area of forest equivalent to 300 soccer pitches destroyed every hour. We hope that our local initiative can add to the momentum towards local people conserving their own environments through enhancing an appreciation of wildlife and ‘wild' environments through education and work opportunities for the local people.

Expedition Jungle is fully inclusive of the local population. Our viability depends on the knowledge of our people as well as the natural and cultural environment. We also hope that by exposing tourists to the beauty of the rain forest and the current issues we can also generate outside support and contribute towards highlighting the plight of Sumatra 's rainforests before it is too late.

Getting to Medan, Sumatra
You can provide private transportation from Medan to base or to the other tour destinations. If you are flying from Europe or US you should be able to book a flight direct to Medan . You may have a short stopover in Kuala Lumpur or Singapore . At the time of writing Thai Airlines and Malaysian airlines offer reasonably priced flights.

If you are already travelling, you can fly direct to Medan from Jakarta , Penang, Kuala Lumpur or Singapore . Air Asia offers some very cheap deals. It is also possible to take a ferry from Penang direct to Medan at low cost.


Employ guides locally.  fully licensed, highly experienced and English speaking. Local weather conditions or the general unpredictability of Indonesia may necessitate adjustments to the tour itinerary or route, to make balanced and reasoned decisions to ensure your safety and enjoyment.

All of our guides follow a strict code of no contact with the orangutans. Some of our guides are also involved with research and conservation projects based in the area and are fully aware of the importance of following conservation guidelines, both to protect the jungle and the wildlife indigenous to this region and also to set an example to other guides and visitors.


The purchase of travel and medical insurance is strongly recommended for all overseas travel. Please confirm with your insurer that your policy meets your needs. Makesure your insurance documentation on your bag.
Visas and red tape
Most Western nationals are eligible for a 30 day visa on arrival at a cost of $25. If you are planning on staying longer, it is possible to apply for a 60 day tourist visa from an Indonesian embassy outside of Indonesia . We strongly recommend you contact your Indonesian embassy or General Consulate to check your visa status.

Immunization is strongly recommended for visits to Sumatra , in particular for typhoid, hepatitis A and B, tetanus and polio. We recommend that you consult your GP before your trip. 


Arrange all types of accommodation to suit all budgets.

Most of the guest houses and rooms in Bukit Lawang are by the side of the Bohorok river and close to the orangutan feeding platform. It is not uncommon to sit eating your lunch and find yourself being observed by an orangutan from the other side of the river.

Most rooms are en suite. Many rooms have their own balcony and hammock, giving you an amazing vantage point of the river and the surrounding jungle.

Musi River

Musi River is the longest river in Sumatera Island; This River has 750KM length. Since Sriwijaya kingdom era, this river has become the main public transportation access. Musi River divides Palembang city (South Sumatera province capital city) into two areas. Those are sebrang ilir at the north and sebrang ulu at the south. Musi River is the important river for Palembang people, because this river becomes the best alternative transportation access. Besides as transportation access, this river also becomes the top vacation destination from Palembang city. Many visitors usually come to this great vacation destination in the night. At night, the panorama at this river is very awesome and it makes this river as the great Indonesia vacation packages from South Sumatera province.
The visitors can see many things at this vacation spot. We can see a beautiful sunset panorama at this river. In this river, we can also see the best Palembang city panorama with sparkling lamp light which is so enchanting. Musi River has become a great vacation spot for any one. At this vacation place we can also see Palembang Traditional house which is called Rumah Rakit (Raft house). We also can see some festival at this river such as Boat racing (bidar), Swimming competition, etc.
Musi River is located in the central of Palembang city, South Sumatera province, this river is easy to reach from any place at Palembang city. Near of this river, we can find many holiday inns and some restaurant which serves local cuisines. So if you want to find great vacation at South Sumatera province, you just have to visit this bride as your vacation destination place.

Places of Interest In Sumatra, Indonesia

Air Manis 4 kms South of Padang, down the hill and across Batang Arau River is a fishermen village on Padang’s scenic west coast. A rock standing in the water a short distance from the shore is said to be the hull of Malin Kundang’s boat, which shipwrecked in a storm after it was cursed by the defiant young man’s mother.

Bungus 20 kms South of Padang sheltered by a bay, there are two good beaches : Ca¬roli¬na and Karang Tirta.

Anai Resort and Golf Course

Anai Resort and Golf Course. The Anai resort is located in gorgeous natural setting roughly 550 meters above sea level. This resort is incorporating first-class hotel facilities.

Batang Palupuah

Batang Palupuah, 12 km from Bukittinggi, is a refuge for the giant flower Rafflesia arnoldi, blooming only once a year in November. A guide can be obtained from the office at the reserve.

Rimbo Panti Nature Reserve
Rimbo Panti Nature Reserve. Just aside the road to Medan, at the distance of 108 kms from Bukittinggi, this nature and wild life reserve where various monkey species and black panther found in here.

Bung Hatta Forest Reserve

Bung Hatta Forest Reserve. Situated 15 kms from Padang in the direction of Solok, known in the past as the Setya Mulya Botanic Garden. The reserve has giant flower Rafflesia arnoldi.

Batu Basurek

Batu Basurek. A stone with inscriptions in the old Palava script of India, bearing the legend of Adityawarman in the year 1347.

The Twin Lakes

The Twin Lakes (Lake Diatas and Lake Dibawah) 65 km from Padang the two lakes, one a little higher than the other are located at +1000 meters above sea level and covered by thick mist. There are seve¬ral cottages and coffee shops in Lake Diatas resort.

Pagaruyung Kingdom

Pagaruyung Kingdom. Situated at the ouskirt of Batusangkar the capital city of Tanah Datar Regency. In the past, it was the seat of the ancient of Minangkabau Kingdom, Pagaruyung : which at the beginning of its history was ruled by a queen named Bundo Kanduang. Relics of that ancient past are still scaffered over the area among them are Batusangkar stone inscriptions found in some areas.
Lake Singkarak

Lake Singkarak is surrounded with green hills and mountains, the biggest lake in west 129,70 kms square and lies on the Trans Sumatra between Bukittinggi and Solok regency. It is 36 km from Bukittinggi or 86 km from Padang.

Tanjung Alai

Tanjung Alai. Located at 7 kms Lake Singkarak, enjoy gliding in the fresh and coolness of its air.

Mount Talang tea plantation

Mount Talang tea plantation. 35 km from Padang, one of the highest mountains 2,572 meters above sea level has a green and fresh views. From here you can overlook the beautiful Twin Lakes and Lake Singkarak.

The Mystical Rao-rao

The Mystical Rao-rao. Some 15 kilometers from Batusangkar. A village in which the Minangkabau building style is well preserved.

Belimbing Village

Belimbing Village. Some 20 km from Batusangkar, this traditional village has some beautiful old Minangkabau long houses. Around the village one can enjoy the beauty view and traditional social life of Minang¬kabau matriarchal society.

Tabek Patah

Tabek Patah. 30 kilometers from Batusangkar, is a lookout point in the foothills offering a wide open view on the magnificent central Minangkabau countryside.

Batu Sangkar

Batu Sangkar is 41 km southeast of Bukittinggi, a center of the Minang-kabau culture. Megalithic remains found in the area support the theory of a large community li¬ving in the area some 2000 years ago. Many fascinating historical sites were found at Batu Basurek, a stone with inscriptions in the Palava script of India, bearing the le¬gend Adityawarman, the Emperor of Kanaka Mahindra (the island of gold).
Pariaman has 300 years old traditional houses. Make sure to visit the open council grounds with ancient stone seats, the mosque and hot spring. 

Ngarai Sianok

Ngarai Sianok is a canyon in a city, a steep colorful valley surrounded by 100 meter cliffs. 4 km from Bukittinggi, there are many tunnels and caves made by the Japa¬nese during WW II. The pathway leads to Koto Gadang that is renowned for its fine silver filigree and hand embroidery.

Pandai Sikek village

Pandai Sikek village is 13 km south of Bukit Tinggi and famous for its hand wo¬ving and carving industry. The village has a thousand of looms and turning out richly colored cloth. Carved wooden ornaments and furniture also made here.

Harau Valley

Harau Valley is 15 km northeast Payakumbuh, 100 to 200 meter steep granite walls shelter this 315 ha fertile valley. It is a nature and wildlife reserve, where wild goats and tigers still roam.

Ngalau Indah Cave

Ngalau Indah Cave can be reach on the way from Bukittinggi to Payakumbuh, it has extend deep into the mountainside. The domain of thousands of bats, the main entrance is the outline of an elephant visible on its face. The pats through these caves lead out to the top of the mountain and panoramic views.

Siberut National Park

Siberut National Park: Using a regular ferry, which regularly sail three times a week in the night from Padang (Muara Padang) to Muara Siberut/Muara Sikabaluan/Muara Saibi. The trip takes approximately 10 hours of sailing. Or use an express ferry that tra¬vels every Thursday morning from Padang to the town of Tuapejat in Sipora Island and then further to the southern part of Siberut Island for only four hours of sailing.


Padang is the capital of West Sumatra; and gateway to the homeland of Minangkabau. Its bustling harbours a crossroads for rubber, cinnamon, coffee, tea and nutmeg. There are Minang houses, prehistoric artifacts, ceramics, manuscripts and modern art. In Kampung Cina (Chinatown) you can wander streets lined with turn-of-the century houses, Chinese herbalist and coffee shops. Good hiking and wonderful views of the city can be had a Bukit Monyet and Gunung Padang.
Lake Maninjau

Lake Maninjau Perhaps the most beautiful lake in Sumatra, Maninjau is far smaller and less developed thas its neighbour lake Toba to the north the road to the lake is famous for its forty four bends oftering superb panoramas as it meaders down to the water’s edge. The lake is punctuated by pretty Moorish styled mosques, perhap designed by some long ago Arab traders who came to her shores. Datted about the lake are small and friendly villages. Mountain bikes for rent ofter a perfect way to explore along the flat roads. Small hotels.


Bukittinggi is the West Sumatra’s center of culture and tourism, nestled in the higlands north of the provincial capital of Padang. It is a pleasant two-hour drive (90 km) from Padang through the gorgeus Anai Valley up to Agam Plateu. Located 930 metres above sea level, it has a cool climate and is surrounded by tree volcanoes: Tandikat, Singgalang and Merapi. The central landmark is the town’s clocktower, reffered by the local people as Jam Gadang. It overlooks the market square, a beehive of activity and fantastic place to do some souvenir shopping. Also worth visiting is the Rumah Gadang Museum, a traditional extended family house built in the 19th century.

Mentawai Islands

Mentawai Islands is made up from four islands: Siberut, Sipora, Pagai Utara and Pagai Selatan. The people of these islands still live in comparative isolation, maintaining their age-old ways. Siberut is an area for trekking and visiting these ancient cultures, and its virgin rain forest, inhabited by a number of some rare monkey’s species. Beautiful co¬ral reefs are found offshore, and its wave is famous for surfing. The best season to visit is January to September.


Maharaja Diraja and his followers landed on top of Mount Merapi (in the district of Tanah Datar) which was still surrounded by water. The face of the earth expanded, the number of inhabitants increased, and finally the early settlements were established in the district of Tanah Datar. And the nagari, the basic Minangkabau political organization, were founded. That was how the history of Alam Minangkabau begins, at least according to the tambo, the Minangkabau traditional historiography.

North Sumatra

Medan was one the site of a battlefield between the Aceh people and the neighboring Deli Kingdom. 
Medan is the capital of North Sumatra Province, a trading center and important harbor. 
Once Medan was part of the Deli Sultanate. What is historically most interesting is the Mesjid Besar. 
(Grand Mosque) and the Palace of the Sultan of Deli which has been restored to restored its past grandeur.
Medan's harbor town is called Belawan, which is the sea link to Penang Malaysia. Medan, Indonesia's western international gateway maintains regular flight to Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Amsterdam and Vienna. Additionally, there are several air connections between Medan and Jakarta, and other destinations in Sumatra.


Lake Toba

A. Overview 

Lake Toba is one of the largest lake in the world, and the largest and most popular in Indonesia. The lake was like a vast ocean about 100 kilometers x 30 kilometers. Amid the lake there is a large island, which is Samosir Island at an altitude of 1000 meters above sea level.
Based on research from the University of Technology researcher Michigan, United States, at the location of Lake Toba, in the passed 75.500 years ago, never occurred an explosion which destroyed the all-powerful human beings, animals and plants. The eruption that spewed rocks and volcanic ash as far as 2.000km3. Directions vomit cause darkness up to two weeks old. The impact of the eruption is the formation of a large volcanic crater, the crater was eventually filled with water that eventually formed a large lake that is Lake Toba. Regarding the existence of Samosir Island, was formed due to magma pressure continually is not yet out of the bowels of the earth.

B. Feature 

The beauty of Lake Toba was amazing. The lake is surrounded by hills, so the atmosphere around the lake is comfortable, the air fresh and cool. The visitors can enjoy its beauty with a swim or rent a motor boat circling the lake. In the afternoon, visitors can enjoy a more quiet atmosphere with views of the sunset light is so beautiful.
This large lake has magical and cosmological value because it is believed the indwelling Namborru (seven ancestral goddess Batak Tribe). When people want to hold events Tribe Batak customary around the lake, they must first ask permission to Namborru. As in the celebration of the People’s Party of Lake Toba is held annually, some ritual performed first as a form of respect for ancestors.
In the middle of Lake Toba, on Samosir Island is there popular natural attractions, the lake above the lake (Lake Sidihoni And Lake Aek Natonang); tourist attraction in the complex history of the tomb of King Sidabutar Tomok Village; and tourist complex architecture of traditional Batak house Toba Samosir. In Parapat, visitors who want to visit the island of Samosir to ride freight ferries depart every hour to Tomok Village, Samosir.

C. Location 

Location of Lake Toba is in some districts, between others Simalungun, Samosir, North Tapanuli, Humbang Hasundutan, Karo, Dairi – North Sumatera, Indonesia

The town of Parapat is the main tourist resort and lies on the very shore of the famous 
Lake Toba. This lake is about 50 miles long and 16 miles across, with a depth 
about 1 .400 feet. In Parapat live Batak Toba and Batak Simalungun tribes, 
and are happy and easy going people. 
They are known for their lively and sentimental love songs.
Recreational sports in Parapat are among others swimming, Water skiing, 
motor boating, canoeing, fishing, and golf at Sally golf course (19 hotels) 
about 5 km from Parapat. Parapat is 176 from Medan and can be reached i
n 4 hours by bus. The climate in Parapat is cool, and dry, making Parapat 
an ideal palace to relax. Many hotels, bungalows, villas, 
resthousee welcome visitors. Small shops selling souvenirs such as 
"Ulos" (local woven cloths) and specific fruits local grown.


The island of Samosir is right in the middle of lake Toba, covering area of 239 
square miles. This island is the original home of the fiercest but kind hearted 
Toba Bataks, It can be reached in half an hour by boat from Parapat. Visiting the 
village of Tomak, Tuk-tuk, Siallagan, Ambarita are recommended for traditional Batak
Toba houses, and local dances. This island has many hotels, bungalows and rest houses.

Berastagi, a tourist town is another lovely town located in the Karo highlands. 
The town is know for its plantations and various kinds of flower, vegetables and fruit, 
most famous of which is the "Marqisa" passion fruit.
It's 66 km southwest of Medan and is 4.594 feet above sea level. There is a pleasant 

colonial-style hotel with a golf course. Other new hotel can also be found from Gundalling 
Hill a clear view of Mt.Sibayak and Mt.Sinabung volcanoes can be seen.
Jangga is a village of native Bataks, located in the hills, on the main road to the other 
Batak communities living separately there , like Lumban Nabolon village, 
Tonga-tonga Sirait Uruk village, Jnaji Matogu village, sihubuk hubak  village, 
Siregar village, Sigiaol village, Silalahi Toruan Muara village and 
Tamak Sihatang village.
There are monuments of King Tambun and King Monurung, traditional houses,

cultural and other historical remains left by Batak Kings centuries ago. This natively 
unchanged Batak Village has complete ornamentation, and is often visited by domestic
and foreign visitors. Inn this place, visitors can watch young girl or old ladies weaving 
the beautiful ulos cloth inside the booths their principle livelihood beside agriculture.

Si Piso - Piso waterfall

Tongging is place to see waterfall surrounded by beautiful sights in cool mountain air. It is 24 km from Kabanjahe, located at the north side of Lake Toba. The 360 feet waterfall is visible from a gazebo at one of the tops of hills.


This places is for the adventurous, accessible through Sumatra's inland wilderness, 
crossing rivers and going over sleep hills. Area lies south of the Mount Leuser 
National Park,a rehabilitation center for orang utans in Bohorok, which was 
inaugurated in 1973, Orang utans living here are of Sumatra and Kalimantan origin.

Pematang Siantar is the second largest city, lying 128 km to the South Medan. On the way, 
you will pass through many rubber, cocoa, palm oil, tobacco and tea plantations. 
This is the richest part of North Sumatra, because these plantation produce the main 
export commodities.
Then onward to Lake Toba you will see a vast stretch of land covered with thick forest, 

plantations. terrace ricefields, lush vegetarian, blue and green hills mountains.

Located at Tongkoh village, in the district of the Karo highlands, approximately 59 km 
from Medan. Formerly Tahura Bukit Barisan since 1916, known for its location called
"Arboretum Tongkoh Berastagi", however since 1989 renovated and renamed Great
Bukit Barisan Forest Park.
Found there is the zoological museum and a gazebo with Koro ornaments designed 

on the roof, Painted with various writing of typical welcome greeting in Tapanuli, 
which is "Haras"

It lies in the southern part of North Sumatra, bordering the provinces of West Sumatra, 
bordering the provinces of West Sumatra and Riau. This region has a  population of 
approximately 900.000. It lies on the way to west to west Sumatra overland. 
The sceneries are attractive all the way. Same of the tourist objects are Candi Portibi,
Dolak Simago-mago, Pakantan, Husar Tolang, Sibanggar, Adian Lungun Nihara.
There are also hot springs and a good hotel available at Tar Sibohi.
This district is known for its ceramics and handicraft. The Portibi temple is at 

Padang Bolak, 78 km from Padang Sidempuan, or 581 km from Medan. There are 
cultural remnants of s Hindu temple kingdom of Panai, founded in 1039 A.d.

NIAS ISLAND         

This island lies off West Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. The village of Bowomataluo and Hilisimae are curios place to visit, where visitors can see performances of traditional war-dances and thrilling high-jump sports, I,e. people making dangerous leaps over 2 meter-high stones. Typical scenes are dancers clad in traditional costumes with bird feathers on their heads, a hall for the Chief of Tribe built on wooden logs with stones chairs weighing up to 18 tons. There are daily flights serving Medan and Nias island.

West Sumatra

West Sumatra has beautiful region and very famous in Indonesia which has multifarious culinary and delicious foods, known as “Masakan Padang”.  Even if you have pharmacy technician training, foreigners should know where to go in case their stomachs aren’t used to the rich and tasty foods. And once again “Welcome to the Land of Beauty and Matrilineal System, The Land MINANGKABAU”.

West Sumatra famous with Minangkabau is truly an exotic land with a tapestry of emerald green rice fields, shimmering Indian Ocean, 7th volcanic mountains (just 4th in active), 4th tranquil lakes, a fascinating and gentle culture and an abundance of smiles. The nagari (region) is famous for its hospitable people whose love for the arts, music and dance embodies their philosophy of life and unique culture with Matrilineal system be the single system in Indonesia. West Sumatranese is predominantly Moslem, the Minangkabaunese have preserve tradition and their origin culture, which there’s been centuries since period old forefather.

West Sumatra landscape is as spectacular as it is varied. A range of 4th volcanic mountains in the centre of the Sumatra island, stretching from East to West, north to south has a fertile although lowlands. Deep crater lakes on Singgalang Mountain make it one a big and nice Waterfall, This waterfall is known as “Aia tajun Lembah Anai” supply of life-giving water that is channeled into irrigation of the rice fields from whence comes the staple diet. Other than we has many nice places with different viewed. We have a nice Valley at “Lembah Harau”, nice cave at “Ngalau Indah”, nice famous canyon is known as “Ngarai Sianok”, and then we have many beach and many nice small islands with white sand like a pearl at “Sikuai”,”Cubadak”, “Sironjong”,”Pagang” and others. We have many Historycal and Heritages places and clean rivers. And we have a big and nice waves in Mentawai Archipelagos, is truly exotic island with native people and native culture, at south and north Siberut Island is very good for play surfing, because there have many spot surf for International level. Mentawai waves has 3rd ranking Top 50 waves in the world after Hawaii and Tahiti. And others nice places in West Sumatra.

Activities In West Sumatra

South Sumatra

South Sumatra Province is situated on the eastern side of Bukit Barisan mountain range South Sumatra province is relatively flat, nevertheless fertile, as numerous rivers crisscross and meander through out the region. Palembang is its capital city and as the gateway to the province, lies right on the banks of the great Musi River, 60 km upstream and navigable by oceangoing vessels. No wonder that most major social and economic activities should center in Palembang and Musi River where the region's pride, Ampera Bridge, is found as well.
Because of its sheer location on the southernmost rim of the South China Sea and close to one of world's busiest sea-lanes linking the Far East with Europe, the region's historical background is undoubtedly rich and colorful. Once the very site of the Buddhist Kingdom of Sriwijaya, it practiced a bustling trade with then ancient China during its era dynasties. Inevitable of course, were the interacting forces of the two different cultures at the time, which nowadays are still noticeable as consequences of the past.

The visitors can easily reach South Sumatra by air through four major airports at Palembang, Pangkal Pinang, Bangka and Belitung islands, all having direct connections with Medan, Batam, Padang, Jakarta, and not long from now with Singapore too. Air-conditioned buses from points North and West of Palembang are regularly available, as well as from cities on Java and Bali.

Geographically, South Sumatra province is located between 1o and 4o South Latitude and between 102o and 108o East Longitude. The boundaries of the area is:
North side: South China Sea
West side: Jambi Province and Bengkulu Province
South side: Lampung Province
East side: Java Sea 

South Sumatra Province is divided among 8 regencies, 2 municipals and 3 administrative towns with Palempang as its capital city.

The humidity of south Sumatra province is 78%. The rainfall range is variation between 2,000 - 3,000 mm per year and an average wind velocity of 3.23 km per hour. And the temperature ranges between 21.8o C and 32.2o C.

A migration flow to this province is supported by the existence of heavy plantation exertion, mining and transmigration program. The population density of this province is 58,8 people per Km2 (1994). Compared to the average national population growth amounted to 2.144% per year, this province was on the lower level with 1.10% per year.

Wide Area
The area of south Sumatra province is 103,688 sq. km width.

    Bungus Beach

    Bungus Beach 300x198 Bungus Beach

    Bungus beach is beautiful natural scenery, the shape resembles a crescent beach.  Bungus beach dominated by the Impressive hills which tower above the pleasant ricefield the crescent shaped bay is unspoilt. The beaches with white sand that is suitable and perfect place for a variety of recreation such as to relax, sunbathing, swimming or hire canoes, surfboats and snorkeling equipment and boats to the islands nearbay. The islands just 5- 15 miles to south of the beach. Two of them, Sikuai and Cubadak islands are developed as tourist resort. A short journey (4 KM) from losmen carlos Bungus beach is beautiful 3 pool waterfall set in A Tropical rainforst.

    Getting There
    Bungus beach located in a quiet bay Bungus, 20 kilometers south of Padang, West Sumatera. Just 45 minutes to 1 hour from Padang city by Opelet (minibus). Pick a blue Opelet in town for 5000 Rp started from 5.30 AM until 8.00 PM, Oplets or buses are available at oplet terminal. JI. M. Yamin in Padang. There is sign Bungus Teluk Kabung at the oplet shelter. Also, you can rent a manual motorbike in Carlos or Tintin for 50,000 or 60,000 Rp, depending on your bargaining skills. If you need more convenient way, takes a taxi.

    To Do

    Beach umbrellas and chairs available for sunbathing. Warm seawater and is safe for swimming. From here, you can explore nearest ocean to the coast of Padang such as Sikuai and Cubadak islands. To get there, you can rent a boat or a sailboat in the Bungus citizens. From Bungus beach to the islands takes ± 75 minutes. If you do not want to wasteful of energy, enough to relax on the beach while enjoying the sunset at this amazing bay. Sitting under the shade of coconut trees surrounding the beach is also exciting, it was a beautiful palm beach. Or eat seafood and other dishes at the restaurants that dotted the shore. There is one activity that is often did the travelers of Bungus beach, which is fishing. There was silence waves will provide for your own pleasure. About the inn, there are resort around the beaches that you can use to relax after a day of sightseeing.


    The beach is available tourist facilities such as beach umbrellas and chairs for sunbathing. There are many homestays along the beach with reasonable price and restaurants as well, here’s some of them :
    1. Losmen Carlos (
    Telp. +6281363973411,
    3 beach cottages, with a nice view of the evening sunset.
    There are basic rooms for Rp.100,000. With bathroom outside,
    There are 2 rooms at Rp.75,000.
    Pickup from Padang Rp. 120,000.
    On the evening, if there are enough tourists, Carlos will pay a guitarist to play around a beach fire.
    You can book an island day-trip for Rp.200,000 per person including lunch on the island.
    2. Losmen Tintin.
    Not far from Carlos, similar family guesthouse next to the beach.
    Very basic rooms from Rp.50,000

    Sunday, 21 November 2010

    Air Manis Beach

    From Padang's Muara Harbour, catch a canoe across the river. There is a clear path over the hill, through the colourful Chinese cemetery, along the path are many clove trees and the scenic beauty of nature. The path over Gunung Monyet ( Mt Monkey) is cool and pleasant, take 45 minutes walk. The beach at Air Manis nice though not the best for swimming.
    The view is what makes this beach so popular for other tourists. The locals will happy to put you up and may even be able to go out night fishing. During the low tide you can walk out to Pulau Pisang Ketek (Small Banana Island ) but keep an eye on the idea. Go on walking over the next hill for a fine view over the harbour of TelukBayur, walk down then and catch a mini-bus back to downtown. The beach can be reached by bus from Pasar Raya via Mata Air Village and ride up the hills and down to the beach in twenty minutes.

    Take a walk in five minutes and watch the sunset along the promenade. On the Westcoastv Padang Beach comes alive in early evening when the locals take a stall to watch the sunset while having the taste of special food 'Rujak' (mixed-fruit) and enjoying the impressive fishermen's motorboat lamps off-shore nearby. Without enjoying the late afternoon splendour and tasting the specific food atthe impressive Padang Beach, the
    visit of yours to Padang, uncompletedly

    Nature & Adventures

    Bungus Beach, Resembling a Crescent Beach

    Pantai Bungus
    Bungus beach is beautiful natural scenery, the shape resembles a crescent beach.  Bungus beach dominated by the Impressive hills which tower above the pleasant ricefield the crescent shaped bay is unspoilt. The beaches with white sand that is suitable and perfect place for a variety of recreation such as to relax, sunbathing, swimming or hire canoes, surfboats and snorkeling equipment and boats to the islands nearbay. The islands just 5- 15 miles to south of the beach. Two of them, Sikuai and Cubadak islands are developed as tourist resort. A short journey (4 KM) from losmen carlos Bungus beach is beautiful 3 pool waterfall set in A Tropical rainforst.

    Getting There

    Bungus beach located in a quiet bay Bungus, 20 kilometers south of Padang, West Sumatera. Just 45 minutes to 1 hour from Padang city by Opelet (minibus). Pick a blue Opelet in town for 5000 Rp started from 5.30 AM until 8.00 PM, Oplets or buses are available at oplet terminal. JI. M. Yamin in Padang. There is sign Bungus Teluk Kabung at the oplet shelter. Also, you can rent a manual motorbike in Carlos or Tintin for 50,000 or 60,000 Rp, depending on your bargaining skills. If you need more convenient way, takes a taxi.

    Bungus Beach

    To Do
    Beach umbrellas and chairs available for sunbathing. Warm seawater and is safe for swimming. From here, you can explore nearest ocean to the coast of Padang such as Sikuai and Cubadak islands. To get there, you can rent a boat or a sailboat in the Bungus citizens. From Bungus beach to the islands takes ± 75 minutes. If you do not want to wasteful of energy, enough to relax on the beach while enjoying the sunset at this amazing bay. Sitting under the shade of coconut trees surrounding the beach is also exciting, it was a beautiful palm beach. Or eat seafood and other dishes at the restaurants that dotted the shore. There is one activity that is often did the travelers of Bungus beach, which is fishing. There was silence waves will provide for your own pleasure. About the inn, there are resort around the beaches that you can use to relax after a day of sightseeing.

    The beach is available tourist facilities such as beach umbrellas and chairs for sunbathing. There are many homestays along the beach with reasonable price and restaurants as well, here’s some of them :
    1. Losmen Carlos (
    Telp. +6281363973411,
    3  Beach Cottages, with a nice view of the evening sunset.
    There are basic rooms for Rp.100,000. With bathroom outside,
    There are 2 rooms at Rp.75,000.
    Pickup from Padang Rp. 120,000.
    On the evening, if there are enough tourists, Carlos will pay a guitarist to play around a beach fire.
    You can book an island day-trip for Rp.200,000 per person including lunch on the island.
    2. Losmen Tintin.
    Not far from Carlos, similar family guesthouse next to the beach.
    Very basic rooms from Rp.50,000

    Pagang Island, the Perfect Island

    Pagang island

    The most awesome and untouched island from West Sumatera, Indonesia, where located on the south coast area. Its white sand and blue clearwater bring the calm feeling and makes grateful thought toward the hard days in life. For those who seek serenity and the beauty of nature, Pagang is the answer.

    pagang island2
    The attractiveness of the island brought it to a deserve phrase – a paradise island, but still few people visit it because this place is not well published. This breathtaking place is a dream island as well for water sport lovers. Clear blue sea water ever and amazing coral reef sites with variant colorful fish species. There is available a local resort assist for personal or groups to do the water sports such as diving, searfishing, snorkeling, and other excitement activities; parasailing and banana boat.

     Pagang island4

    How to get there?

    Padang as the capital city of  West Sumatera is the first point to be reached. After arrived in the city, rent a car to Bungus Beach. At this point, rent a boat to Pagang Island.
    If the started point from Minangkabau – West Sumatera, It is around one hour drive from Minangkabau airport.
    • Rent a taxi to go to Bungus if you stay in a hotel near the beach. If staying in a hotel in the city, take a taxi to Bungus, but it’s costly. Arrived at Bungus Beach, rent the boat to the Pagang Island, its around 150 thousand rupiah.
    • By public transportation; get on ELF Car (shared taxi) from Pasar Raya Padang or near Pasar Raya Plaza. The fare is around five thousand rupiah. It just takes around sixty minutes. It is quite cheap. On the way to Bungus Beach, wonderful scenery will accompany visitors along the trip. The car will pass trough hills with the beach under them, welcoming the visitors. There are also small and cute monkeys in the side of the hills. Many people sometimes stop by just to give peanuts or bananas to the monkeys while taking pictures. Arrived at Bungus beach, rent the boat to the Pagang Island.

    Malin Kundang Mural

    Not far from the Malin Kundang Stone is a mural on this legendary story. The mural, drawn by local artist Dasril Bayras that depicts the rise and fall of Malin Kundang – from his childhood, his journey to Siam, his marriage, his return to Padang and finally his misfortune when he was turned into stone. Those who are not familiar with this folkfore can understand the story line by looking at the mural.
    Actually they are few versions of this Malin Kundang story. Another similar version which is well known in Malaysia is about a man named Si Tanggang who, just like Malin Kundang, rejected his mother after making a fortune and later was turned into a stone (or a bird in another version of this legendary story). The Si Tanggang story is said to happen in Batu Caves or Batu Gajah in Malaysia. However, unlike here in Padang, there is no evident like the Malin Kundang stone there that could support this man-turn-into-stone claim.
    The Malin Kundang/Si Tanggang story was also made into films and dramas. Most recently, the story was adapted into an Indonesian soap opera using the same title. However, the soap opera was given modern touch and twist with the story took place in modern day Padang and Jakarta.


    Paragliding Sports Held At Puncak Lawang


     Paragliding sports held at Puncak Lawang is located at an altitude of 1210 m above sea level (dpl). This place is one of the objects of the tour visited paragliding that many tourists, both domestic (local) and foreign.Given the place that is located above the height of the natural scenery of Maninjau Lake in the valley so spellbind, the area of Puncak Lawang be the location of the start (Take Off) sports Forum. Thus, the pilot, while hover in the air, can see the beauty of Maninjau Lake.Start location which is in ketingian 1210 m from the surface of the sea or right on the hill that encircle Lake Maninjau make this place challenging the paragliding sports. With the altitude, the pilot can berlama-old on the air while enjoying the beautiful panorama of Lake Maninjau. Beautiful scenery tersaji because natural fusion between the green mountains that encircle the lake extends to the broad sheen of water that turn, extend the carpet of rice field area, and composed of people who regularly into my charm to be missed.In addition, the effect of heating the water of Lake Maninjau, give effect to the position of the glider pilot, that is able to bring the pilot to fly higher than the take off location.Sports start gliding in Puncak Lawang, Sub Matur, Kabupaten Agam, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia.
    This location can be through the land. There are 2 alternative routes to go to Puncak Lawang, namely from the west and from the east. From the west, the journey starts from the city of Padang Pariaman path through the Lubuk cone (the capital of Kabupaten Agam), passing through Lake Maninjau and flexure 44 with the time of the approximately 2.5 hours.

    Art & Culture

    Photo Contest Pacu Jawi in Tanah Datar

    Pacu Jawi is a game typical village in Tanah Datar. Pacu Jawi in Tanah Datar held specifically for the fields and rider come running with jawinya.
    In order to preserve and promote Alek Nagari Nagari ” Pacu Jawi ” Culture and Tourism Department of Tanah Datar District Photo Contest held Pacu Jawi Year 2009.
    With the invented this race is expected to be Pacu Jawi activities better known, both at national and international levels, and ultimately will increase the number of tourists visiting the Tanah Datar LUHAK Nan Tuo.
    General Provisions
    • Open to the public (Committee, Ladies and family not allowed to follow the race).
    • Theme photo: Race & Procession Pacu Jawi.
    • One of the participants can submit a maximum of 8 images.
    • No fee charged
    • Photos are private property, which had never won any prizes in other competitions
    • Photos taken at the time of the race Pacu Jawi 30 September, 10 October and 17 October 2009
    • Digital Engineering is not allowed, there must EXIF data.
    Shipping Print Results:
    • Image size 10 R and submit softcopy on CD, JPEG format with a minimum image size 5 megafipiksel. For images created with film must include the original cliches.
    • Behind the photograph must be posted that contain data data title image, photographer’s name and address, Phone number / HP.
    • All photographs included in the sealed envelope left corner of the envelope and written Pacu Jawi Photo contest 2009
    • Images can be taken directly to the working day or sent to the SECRETARY Competition Committee, at the latest by October 23, 2009
    • Address Secretariat:
      Office of Culture & Tourism Tanah Datar

      Complex Fort Van der Capellen
      Batusangkar, West Sumatra
      Posting Online to (Pwo) to the process of Judging:
    • Sign up for free
    • The size of the longest side of max.1024 pixels high resolution.
    • Photo of the entry will be judged by a jury on June 6 and 7 November 2009.
    • Photo assessed by the jury is a photograph signed / sent by site
    • Committee entitled to disqualify the participants before and after the judging when considered cheating
    • The decision of the jury legitimate and inviolable
    • Jury
      o Makarios Soekojo (Director
      o Arbain Rambey (Senior Photographer Compass)
      o Alfian Jamrah (Head dispar Tanah Datar)
    Gift I: Rp. Regent 3jt + Trophy + Certificate
    Second Prize: Rp. Regent 2jt + Trophy + Certificate
    Third Prize: Rp. Regent 1jt + Trophy + Certificate
    Gift Expectations: 5 of each Rp. 750rb + Certificate

    Winners will be announced on the site,, and Daily Padang Express.
    Photo contest winners are nominated and will be exhibited on the 12th, 13th, 14th November 2009 and names and award winners will be conducted on November 14, 2009 at the closing exhibition of Batusangkar.

    All photos belong to winners of the committee and the committee has the right to use as a tourism publicity materials, without having to ask permission first.
    For the photos that did not win, but a time will be used for publication, the Committee will contact the owner of the photograph

    Location of Balimau can healing Diseases

    Hot Douche Water
    Before days fasting, bathing places in the area of Solok Regency has always been a people who want balimau already become traditions from generation to generation.
    Some people rate, in addition to valuable sunah, tradition balimau with a bath in places such as bathing lakes, hot water or shower time is also used as place bercengkerama fellow friends and relatives.
    In Solok Regency, Lake Singkarak addition, the location also made by the people balimau shower hot water is there in the Jorong Aie Angek, Nagari Koto Anau, Lembang Jaya district.
    In addition to relaxing the match enjoy the nature from a height, a shower with hot water containing sulfur is also believed the community could heal diseases, especially skin disease.
    Usually, people have started to come to the location of the hot tap water comes from Mount Talang that day, a day before the entry of fasting month. While waiting in the cold come the afternoon and again, people prefer to relaxing in the street not far from the location of hot spring bathing while enjoying the beautiful natural surroundings.

    Batu Basurek, Inscription on Adityawarman The King Pagaruyung.



    Batu Basurek citadel located at Kubur Rajo village, Lima Kaum Sub distric is 4 km from the Batusangkar.Batu basurek is located at the top of the graves of the king Adityawarman.inscription Batu Basurek any posts were written with it in ancient sanskerta.Batu Basurek is 25 cm wide 80 cm high with a thickness 10 cm and weight of 50 kg.
    Batu Basurek has aged 659 year. This discovery inscription is written in the first
    16 December 1880 by P.H. Van Hengst, Assistant Resident Tanah Datar. Prof. H Kern, an expert from the Netherlands, who he first discussed with the inscription any posts Java Ancient Sanskrit language it. In the 1917 he is to translate the contents: “Adityawarman strong forward, he Kanakamedinindra authorities or Suwarnadwipa (Sumatra or Golden Land). Adwayawarman father. He Indra family.”
    Adityawarman born from the womb Dara Jingga, daughter of the king Darmasraya located at the Batanghari river, Jambi. His father, Adwayawarman earlier, relatives Singosari palace.
    Have, in 1292 China’s Kublai Khan Singosari attack. And his brother Dara Jingga, Dara Petak, bring the army to help Singosari. Unfortunately, Singosari fall, and eventually mastered Jayakatwang. Then Raden Wijaya Jayakatwang move and rename it into the kingdom of Majapahit. Raden Wijaya married Dara Petak. Dara Jingga make the Adwayawarman. Once married, Dara Jingga invites her husband back to Darmasraya – and Adityawarman was born.
    After Majapahit for various services, so the king finally Adityawarman in Darmasraya. He moved the kingdom’s Siguntur (Sawahlunto Sijunjung) to Pagaruyung.
    Until now the Pagaruyung still have differences of opinion whether Adityawarman Minangkabau king or king Pagaruyung only. Because, at that time that the king in The Limo Kaum, Pariangan, Tanah Datar and the other, is Datuk Parpatih Nan Sabatang and Datuk Katamanggungan. “Adityawarman a sumando not more, (the husband of the Minangkabau).

    Adventures In West Sumatra

    Mentawai EcoTourism

    Mentawai archipelago is a paradise for the surfer. Nowadays Mentawai archipelago has become a most wanted tourism destination to visit, especially for surfing. The waves on Mentawai archipelago are one of the greatest on the planet, best for surf spots.

    Tourism Mentawai people are known starting in mid-1990, which is accidentally a surfer of Australia to find a good wave to Mentawai surfing. when it is visited by many tourists to surfing. Are waves in the Mentawai goods third world to surfing.
    Surfing activity is located in the 3 districts, which are Siberut Selatan District, District and Sub Sipora North Pagai entry in the Mentawai Islands regency, West Sumatra, Indonesia.
    Surfing activity can also be done on some beaches there are in the Mentawai Islands. The beaches are: Nyangnyang Beach, Coral Beach Bajat, Karoniki Beach, and Beach Pananggelat Mainuk all of which are located in the District of South Siberut. In addition to the District of South Siberut, Sipora in the District there are also several beaches like Katiet Bosua Beach and South Beach. While in the District of North Pagai there are West Coast.

    Sports surfing is usually done in the months April to October. Given that, in the month-month wave in the Mentawai Islands and reached the peak point peselancar can manfaatkannya for surfing activities. While in the months November to March, waves in the Mentawai Islands are not very high, so it was not challenging enough for surfing activities.
    Location surfing this tourism object can be reached with a boat motor and aircraft pioneer. If using a boat, perjalan applied for 14 hours with the route-Sipora-Muara Siberut with the cost of approximately Rp. 200,000-Rp. 300.000, – per person (February 2008)

    Mentawai Islands to enter the tourists can use the services or the use tour operator services. For lodging, in the Mentawai Islands lodging available along the coastal fringe.
    Now the Mentawai people as a tourist destination, particularly for surfing, but also to find out more in the life of Mentawai tribes, see the natural beauty of Mentawai investigate animal life in the Mentawai and others.To achieve the Mentawai, can go through the Minangkabau International Airport in Padang. Currently, the airlines are served by 3 international and 8 domestic carrier.

    Mentawai Impressions: Trekking

     Leaving Butui, one of the better accessible settlements of the Mentawai on Siberut Island. The Mentawai people never wear shoes but we-the people who cannot walk-need such aids, and many more. A handrail along the slippery tree trunk, for instance, to facilitate access to the house and to leave it, especially at night when somebody had to follow the call of nature.Tree trunks are very often laid on muddy trails, where the mud can get quite deep. Good balancing skills are required on them, especially on round, slippery bamboo. One plus: falling in the mud does not hurt! Rivers cannot be followed all the time, and hills in between can be quite steep. They can be better walked uphill than downhill, for us with sticks as walking and balancing aids. Left lane for overtaking!!Trees had been felled by the local people to grow bananas, and are now part of the trail.

    Three of the 21 Mentawai porters we had hired to carry the food for eight days as well as luggage.
    Mud walk. Here the ‘normal’ forest mud, greyish and odorless, but very sticky and difficult to walk with shoes.
    Lunch break during a seven-hour trek. Food is always being shared, but most important is that everybody gets a portion of tobacco.
    Cigarettes are fuel for the Mentawai people.
    Mud walk, here in a sago area. This mud is less dense, has a reddish-brown colour and smells of fermented sago. As with the Inuit who have many different words for snow we try to figure out how many words the Mentawai have for mud. The generic word ‘lati’ has been one of the first Mentawai words we have learnt.
    Beauty contest after a sago mud walk.
    We sometimes face the dilemna between balancing on a tree trunk and going through the mud. As shown above, mud can get quite deep. Two persons were necessary to free our fellow traveler from the mud trap, and they had to be very careful not to slip and get stuck themselves.
    The river between Atabai and Butui had swollen due to heavy rains and some passages could not be negociated without getting totally wet. Backpacks had to be passed over heads, and a ‘bridge’ made of round, slippery bamboo to be put across for the sikerei, who felt safer at balancing on it than at swimming.

    Getting There
    • Take flight from Sukarno Hatta air port, Jakarta to Tabing air port, Padang-west Sumatra (flight served every day)
    • Trip from Teluk Bayur port, Padang to Mentawai island by Ferry
    Based on the visitor experience, the local people’s housing is the best choice to stay. Having interactions with local people and staying in unique architectures give the visitors distinctive way to blend with the culture. But, there are also common accommodations available.

    Moving Around
    To access all the beauties offered, you can use boat owned by local people. You can find the boat a long the beach and the rate depend on your bargaining power.
    Boost your taste with exotic and fresh sea foods that you can found in the local restaurants run by local people. If you are lucky enough, you can pick and cook your own sea food, but make sure you know the secret recipe/spices from Mentawais people. For those who are not sea food lover, you can find regular meals for your dining.

    Other Things to See or Do
    Beach Activities
    • Sight seeing
    • Diving
    • Snorkeling
    Cultural Activities
    • Learn how to perform the Traditional dances (war dance and gratitude to nature)
    • Traditional ceremonies
    • Mentawai is one of the best place to conduct an Ethnographic study since its one of the oldest tribe in Indonesia
    Ecotourism Activities
    As the habitat for rare primate, the natural rain forest of Mentawai will be the perfect place for research or other educational purpose. Here, you can conduct research about
    • Snub-nosed monkey/Simakobu (Simias concolor) monkey family eat leaf as primary food
    • Joja or Lutung Mentawai (Presbytis potenziani) easily identified for the long tail, white face and black hair head
    • Bokkoi atau Beruk Mentawai (Macaca pagensis)
    • Kloss Gibbon/Bilou or Siamang Kerdil (Hylobates klossii) famous for the beautiful voice, different compared to general monkey

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